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Glance at China-001-Qipao and Zhongshan suit
来源:开云下载官方     日期:2022-10-14    浏览:次


【中国剪影·Glance at China-001


Qipao and Zhongshan suit

一、 旗袍 Qipao


What is Qipao?


Qipao or cheongsam, a close- fitting woman’s dress with high neck and slit skirt. The general characteristics of the early Qipao were a single piece of cloth that would cover the whole body, down to the feet. Around the neck, the collar would be high to help secure outfit. The materials were loose, with slits on the side only allow for easier movement.


The Improvement of Qipao


By the end of the 1920s, dressing style was affected by that of Europe and America. The pattern of Qipao was changed significantly. The most common Qipao we see today: slender fit and shorter sleeves, with two long slits at each side of the hem, for convenient movement, but now wonderfully display the slender legs of women. The modernized version is noted for accentuating the figures of women.

Key words:

1. 旗袍(qí páo: a close- fitting woman’s dress with high neck and slit skirt.

2. 连衣裙(lián yī qún: a dress

3. 身材(shēn cái: figure, the shape of your body.



盘扣 (pán kòu) Frog Button: it’s a kind of button originated from China, the button is made of silk thread and has been used to fix the collar or a decoration to the fashionable cloth. It is widely used on Qipao.

     二、 中山装 Zhongshan suit 


What is Zhongshan suit?


The Zhongshan suit, which is also known as the Mao suit, was first introduced by Sun Yat-sen, the leader of China’s 1911 Revolution. Chairman Mao Zedong later popularized the suit following the founding of the People’s Republic of China, so the garment became known in the West as “Mao suit”.


A classic Zhongshan suit is known for its four front pockets and clean-cut collar. In line with its cultural significance in modern China, the suit has a vertical lapel that should always be fastened tightly to indicate the attention to detail and precision of the Chinese people. The four front pockets are said to symbolize the sense of propriety, justice, honesty and honor of the Chinese. There are five buttons in the center, representing the five branches of government in the constitution of the Republic of China. Three cuff buttons stand for Sun’s Three Principles of the People: Nationalism, Democracy and the People’s Livelihood.


A transition to new fashion


Following the founding of New China, government officials followed Mao’s lead and regarded the Zhongshan suit as an official dress for important occasions, and the public soon followed. The gray and blue suit dominated local menswear from 1920 to 1980. It was the only choice for Chinese men. With the country’s reform and opening-up from the late 1970s, Chinese people had more choices in clothing. The Zhongshan suit gradually lost its large following and was replaced by Western-style suits and more casual attire.


But with the country growing in importance and influence on the international stage, more people are returning to Chinese culture and the Zhongshan suit.


Some people, especially celebrities and youngsters, are in favor of Zhongshan suits that show more individuality. Bold colors such as red, yellow and white are being used. Some additions, including dragon, phoenix and peony motifs, are embroidered on the suits. The pockets are folded inside and the fabric choices are more varied to expand the scope of the design. To meet some people’s need, the waistline, which is traditionally straight, now can be slimmer to be more fashionable.

Key words:

1. 中山装(Zhōnɡ shān zhuāng: Zhongshan suit

2. 辛亥革命(xīn hài ɡé mìnɡ): China’s Revolution of 1911

3. 改革开放(ɡǎi ɡé kāi fànɡ): reform and opening-up

4. 主席(zhǔ xí): chairman



孙中山Sun Yat-sen: Sun was born in November 12, 1866, he is from Guangdong province. Funded by the brother, he was a student in Hongkong, the United States, Japan. Unbearable to the decline of his country, Sun has organized 1911 uprising, finally succeeded in overthrowing the Qing government, established the first Republic, the Republic of China.